Two Reuters journalists jailed for their reporting on the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar walked out of prison on Tuesday, freed in a presidential amnesty after a vigorous global campaign – and backroom diplomacy – for their release.
Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo were mobbed by media as they stepped out of Yangon's notorious Insein prison after more than 16 months in detention.
Their December 2017 arrests made them an international cause celebre and a sign of Myanmar's deteriorating press freedoms under Nobel laureate and civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
Wa Lone, 33, thanked people from "around the world" for advocating for their release and vowed he would return to work.
"I can't wait to go to my newsroom," he said. "I am a journalist and I am going to continue."
Reuters editor-in-chief Stephen Adler said: "We are enormously pleased that Myanmar has released our courageous reporters".
"Since their arrests 511 days ago, they have become symbols of the importance of press freedom around the world. We welcome their return."
They were freed in an amnesty that included more than 6,000 prisoners.
A government spokesman told reporters that family members had sent letters to Suu Kyi and the president Win Myint.
"Leaders took into consideration the long-term interest of (the) country," Zaw Htay said.
Lord Ara Darzi, a British advisor and confidant of Suu Kyi, said it was "fitting" the pair were released a few days after World Press Freedom Day.
"The lesson is simple: dialogue works even in the most difficult of circumstances," he told media in Yangon.
The United States (US), which had condemned the journalists' jailing, welcomed their release and called for further action.
"We hope to see the release of other imprisoned journalists and greater freedom of expression," Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tweeted.
The journalists waved and smiled broadly as they walked out of the jail.
The two men were convicted on charges of violating the official secrets act and sentenced to seven years each.
At the time of their arrest, they had been reporting on a September 2017 massacre of 10 Rohingya Muslims in conflict-hit Rakhine state, where the Myanmar army forced some 740,000 of the stateless minority to flee over the border to Bangladesh.
The case prompted an outcry around the world and crushed what was left of Suu Kyi's legacy as a rights defender.
'We are very happy'
Reuters has said the two were imprisoned in retaliation for their expose.
The army jailed seven soldiers for the massacre in a rare response to allegations of atrocities.
Military spokesman Zaw Min Tun said it had no comment on the release except that the case was "undertaken in line with the law".
While inside, the duo missed numerous family milestones, including the birth of Wa Lone's daughter.
Their families were overjoyed with the news.
"We are very happy," Chit Su Win, who is married to Kyaw Soe Oo, said. A reunion photo of both couples celebrating, smiling and holding each of their daughters was widely shared on Twitter.
During their imprisonment, the journalists were showered with numerous awards and honours in response to their work.
Last month, they won the prestigious Pulitzer Prize.
Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo were also on the cover of TIME magazine as part of its person of the year coverage featuring journalists targeted for their reporting.
The case against them became a byword for the war against press freedom and prompted an international campaign that attracted the support of prominent rights lawyer Amal Clooney, who said Tuesday it had been an "honour to represent" her clients.
Rights groups and legal experts say the prosecution's case was riddled with irregularities.
A whistleblowing police officer testified during their trial that his superior had ordered his team to trap the reporters in a sting – testimony the judge chose to ignore.
The now ex-officer Moe Yan Naing said he was "delighted" the families were back together, and expressed interest in meeting the journalists, if they wanted to.
Media advocates, the United Nations (UN), and rights organisations praised the release but slammed the original arrest and conviction.
In downtown Yangon on Tuesday evening, most people asked were happy to hear the news.
"It was clear they were reporting the truth about human rights," said 54-year-old Buddhist monk Malar Nanda.
Suu Kyi led her National League for Democracy party to victory in historic 2015 polls, ending decades of military-backed rule.
But the dreams of a new day for Myanmar were short-lived – the army launched a campaign against the Rohingya in Rakhine state, which UN investigators have said amounted to genocide.
Myanmar has denied the charges and said it was defending itself against Rohingya militants, who attacked and killed police officers in August 2017. - AFP